What is a cybersecurity threat



What is a cybersecurity threat

A cybersecurity threat is an act of a malicious nature, and its objective is to steal and damage data or cause any other type of damage digitally. These can include infrastructure infiltrations, data breaches, spear phishing, and even brute force. Cyber ​​attacks can also come from threats such as viruses and denial of service (DoS) attacks. These threats are online and do not differentiate between individuals and organizations when searching for targets. Let’s discuss this in more detail.

In the modern world, cyber threats are typically used to specifically indicate information security issues. A cyber attack is an attack using cyberspace. Cyber ​​attacks can be extremely dangerous and even put human lives at risk. They can even cause blackouts, breaches of national security secrets, theft of valuable data like medical records, disrupt communications networks, cripple systems, render data inaccessible, and even failure of military equipment. .

Types of cybersecurity threats

Cyber ​​security threats can be of different types depending on how they work, trigger, intent and schedule. Some of the types of cybersecurity threats are mentioned below:

  1. Malware: These computer programs are designed to perform malicious tasks on the target device or network. Their aim might be to corrupt and damage data or even take control of the entire system.
  2. Phishing: This is an email attack. The recipient of the email may disclose confidential information about themselves or download malware by clicking on a hyperlink provided in the email. Confidential information can be anything from location to bank details. Sometimes phishing is even done in such a way that the email appears to come from a trusted and popular webpage, when in reality it is a fake.
  3. Phishing: It’s even more complicated than phishing. The abuser gathers information about the person, then poses as someone the victim knows and trusts. In this way, the attacker obtains confidential information about the victim, which he then uses for personal gain or simply to cause harm.
  4. Man in the Middle Attack (MitM): The attacker positions himself in the middle of the sender and the recipient in this type of attack. The attacker uses programs, devices, and other means to intercept e-mail messages between the sender and the recipient. The attacker can even change or alter the message while it is in transit. The sender and receiver, in such cases, usually don’t even know that their messages are being intercepted. The army often uses such attacks to confuse enemies.
  5. Trojans: This is a type of computer virus. It is named after the Trojan horse from Greek history. The Trojan horse was a gift from the Trojans that contained their soldiers who attacked at night. Likewise, this computer program appears to be performing one task while doing something else. It prevents malicious software that harms the target.
  6. Ransomware: This type of attack encrypts data on the victim’s system and then demands a ransom in exchange for allowing the victim to access and regain control of their data. They can be insignificant but can sometimes be extremely dangerous like the care of the hospital system. One of the most dangerous examples of a ransomware attack is the city of Atlanta municipal government data lockdown in 2018.
  7. Denial of service (DoS) or distributed denial of service (DDoS): These types of attacks are very different from other cybersecurity threats. The attacker takes control of a large number of devices (maybe thousands) and then uses them to perform a particular task. An example could be taking over a large number of systems and then crashing a website.
  8. Attacks on IoT devices: IoT devices are vulnerable to many types of cyber threats. They can involve hackers taking control of a device and integrating it into a DDoS attack. The attacker obtains unauthorized access to the data collected by the device. Due to the number of devices, geography, and outdated systems, IoT devices are an easy and preferred target for malware.
  9. Data breaches: This is the theft of data by any malicious actor. The motive for such attacks could be criminal in nature or simply cause damage or even espionage. Identity theft is one example of the criminal nature of data breaches.
  10. Malware on mobile applications: Mobile devices are electronic gadgets too. Since everyone accesses the Internet through their cell phones, they are even more prone to cyber attacks. Attackers embed malware into mobile apps, mobile websites, phishing emails, and even text messages. Once the mobile phone is compromised, it can allow malware access to location, financial accounts, personal information, etc.

What’s new in cybersecurity threats?

The cyber world is constantly evolving and changing. Likewise, cyber threats are constantly changing and adapting to better cybersecurity. In addition, millions of programs are created every day; cybersecurity cannot cope with all malware. Another extremely worrying trend is that of advanced persistent threats (APT). APTs are hackers that hide in systems and remain persistent, that is, they cannot be removed by restarting the system or updating the software.

Where can cybersecurity threats come from?

Cyber ​​security threats can come from almost any platform or digital medium. Some sources from which cyber threats typically occur are:

  1. Individuals who have created attack vectors using software tools of their own.
  2. Criminal organizations that have a large number of employees, almost like a large corporation, develop attack vectors and then carry out attacks.
  3. Nation states develop such programs to intercept enemy and terrorist attacks. They are sometimes among the most serious attacks. Some of these attacks are basic spy attacks, but sometimes they are also done to cause disruption.
  4. Terrorists use such programs to access sensitive and defense-related information.
  5. Industrial spies monitor rival companies for their research and development and new products.
  6. Organized criminal groups use malicious actors to track law enforcement and other legal systems.
  7. Unhappy insiders usually do it only to cause damage and sometimes for personal gain.
  8. The Pirates

Many cyber threats are exchanged on the dark web. The dark web is a widespread and disorganized criminal segment of the Internet. Hackers can buy ransomware, credentials for breached systems, malware, and other programs.

Cyber ​​defense

It is essential that businesses and individuals ensure cybersecurity and have a cyber defense mechanism.

Some of the tools that businesses can use to improve their cybersecurity are:

  1. Outsourced security services
  2. Threat detection tools
  3. Outsourced attack simulation / vulnerability testing tools
  4. Point solutions for device management

For individuals, cyber defense is relatively simple:

  1. Password hygiene: Use complex passwords that combine upper and lower case alphabets, numbers and special characters.
  2. Antivirus software: Use paid antivirus software and keep it up to date.
  3. Beware of phishing attacks: Check the authenticity of emails and messages before opening attachments or clicking on links.


You can learn more about cybersecurity threats and defense by taking online cybersecurity courses. This can help protect you from cyber attacks and information leaks. In addition, get cybersecurity training also opens doors and helps you enter a very promising career with many opportunities for growth. Great Learning offers courses that can help you get training and certification.

Cyber ​​security threats are constantly evolving, and with the growing dependence on cyberspace, individuals and organizations need to be flexible and adapt to overcome challenges in order to protect valuable information.

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